1575 – On the orders of Essex, John Norris and Francis Drake led an attack on Rathlin Island, a stronghold of the MacDonnells. After the surrender of Bruce’s castle, its 200 occupants were killed, as were 400 others found hiding in caves and cliffs.
1739 – George Clinton, first governor of New York State, is born to an Irish family that had immigrated to New Britain, a small town near the Hudson River. He served as vice president under Thomas Jefferson and James Madison.
1782 – Birth of composer John Field in Dublin. His nocturnes for piano are the inspiration for much of Chopin’s work.
1813 – A Catholic is killed at the ‘Battle of Garvagh’, a sectarian confrontation in Co Derry.
1856 – The Anglican Church of Ireland is disestablished as the state religion by the Irish Church Act.
1856 – Birth of playwright, critic and Nobel Prize laureate…
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