The Historic Heartlands

Explore medieval castles, distilleries and Mesolithic hunting grounds.


  • History
  • Sightseeing
  • Museums
  • Scenery
  • Walking


    Offaly | Laois | Kildare | Tipperary | Limerick | Carlow | Kilkenny

    Dublin Airport | Heuston (train) Station | Connolly (train) Station | Busáras | Dublin Port | Waterford Airport | Shannon Airport | Rosslare Harbor | Cork Harbor

Moving through swampland-turned-sacred settlement where a saint lived and died. Marvelling at monumental bridal dowries far beyond the realm of modern times. Exploring the extravagance of a rich man and a magnificent castle sold for a mere £50.

You’ve reached the Historic Heartlands, and counties Offaly, Laois, Kildare, Tipperary, Limerick, Carlow and Kilkenny. A place where epic alliances were forged in love and expedience were born, carved into the land and the traditions honored ever since.

Uncover supernatural tales of hellhounds and hidden treasure. See ancient dolmens, wander through medieval castles perched on hilltops and discover just how advanced prehistoric hunters really were.

This is Ireland’s Ancient East… and it’s time to wander through 5,000 years of history.

<span id="castletown">Castletown House</span>
Castletown House

The first and largest Palladian manor in Ireland, this Renaissance-inspired abode is a sight to behold. Set on an estate boasting pretty river walks and open parkland, the house itself is flanked by two extravagant wings.

It was said that Conolly would require 240 horses to bring his half-year’s rent from Dublin to Castletown.


William Conolly was his name and dubious deals during the Williamite War in Ireland (1688-1691) had earned him a colossal fortune. When he died, Conolly was one of the richest men on the island and owned a staggering 100,000 acres of land. That’s equivalent to 75,625 football fields. At the heart of this acreage? Castletown House.

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Tullamore D.E.W. Visitor Center, County Offaly

On the banks of the Grand Canal in County Offaly sits the 19th century warehouse that is home to Tullamore D.E.W., so named after the whiskey’s creator Daniel E Williams. Connoisseurs will delight in the tasting tour, while novices can journey through Ireland’s whiskey-making history.

Lough Boora, County Offaly

Life in the Mesolithic era was simple: hunt, eat, sleep, repeat. And so it was in Lough Boora Bog where the stone blades, axe and arrow heads of hunters were discovered beneath the mire – as well as an Iron Age bog body complete with stab wound.

Birr Castle, County Offaly

Surrounded by the lush landscaped gardens of Birr Castle, William Parsons yearned to understand the star-strewn heavens above. His ever-impressive Leviathan telescope remains at the castle today, an abiding testament to his passion for astronomy.

<span id="clonmacnoise">Clonmacnoise</span>

When St Ciaran and Diarmait mac Cerbaill met on the banks of the River Shannon in the 6th Century, neither could have predicted that the site, Clonmacnoise, would become one of the leading centers of religion and learning in Europe.

Like nearly all monastic settlements, Clonmacnoise was plundered on several occasion by invaders, including the Vikings.

Sadly, Ciaran didn’t live long enough to see the cathedral, churches, round towers and crosses that the spiritual spot would host.

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Roscrea, County Tipperary

Romanesque doorways, 13th century castles and the remains of St Cronan’s ancient monastary: Roscrea wears its history on its sleeve. No surprise, then, that this handsome market town enjoys National Heritage status.

Holycross Abbey, County Tipperary

This 12th century abbey once held a particle of the True Cross and was one of the most visited pilgrim sites in Ireland, with the devout travelling from all over Europe to view the cloisters, “whispering arch” and carvings.

Lough Gur, County Limerick

Gazing beyond Lough Gur’s still waters to Knockadoon Hill, it’s not hard to see why these beautiful shores have been settled since Neolithic times. Today, history, nature and science converge at the Heritage Park.

<span id="rock-of-cashel">Rock of Cashel</span>
Rock of Cashel

Sitting on a towering rock said to have been discarded by the Devil no less, the Rock of Cashel looms large over Ireland’s history. Centuries’ worth of Middle Age structures, including a tower, Gothic cathedral and castle, are at the center of the splendour.

Viewed from afar, the Rock of Cashel is a captivating sight, a freak and solitary lump of limestone, reflecting the light in diverse ways throughout the day.


Here, saints converted kings and brutal massacres took place. A sacred space, a medieval masterpiece and an enduring icon: this is no ordinary rock.

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Ballyhoura Mountains, County Limerick

You can’t turn around in Ballyhoura without bumping into an epic castle, timeworn monument or religious relic. Nature trails crisscross the wooded mountain area where the weapons of Bronze Age warriors have been unearthed.

Cahir Castle, County Tipperary

Cahir is a force to be reckoned with. Designed for defense, this hulk of a castle sits imposingly on the River Suir, and seems to grow out of the very rock it sits on. It’s been the site of sieges, bombardments and even a murder.

The Galty (Galtee) Mountains

Sprawling across counties Tipperary and Limerick, the Galty Mountains range is a playground for walkers. With Galtymore as its highest peak, the range includes Lough Diheen, said to be guarded by an unruly serpent, banished here by St Patrick.

<span id="kilkenny-castle">Kilkenny Castle</span>
Kilkenny Castle

It was an historic day when James Arthur Butler, 6th Marquess of Ormonde, handed over the keys to his ancestral home, Kilkenny Castle, in 1967. His family had been there since 1391, but with the building in disrepair he gave it to the people of Kilkenny for a mere £50.

Kilkenny owes its charm to its beautifully restored buildings and winding slipways surrounding the magnificent Kilkenny Castle.


The lucky recipients responded by turning the Norman castle into a cultural hub, hosting classical music recitals, exhibitions and ornamental gardens.

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Jerpoint Abbey, County Kilkenny

Gently crumbling, skilfully carved and boasting exquisite details, the cloistered arcade is a real highlight of Jerpoint Abbey, founded in 1158. At the visitor center, you can uncover more about the life of the Cistercian monks who called the abbey home.

St Canice’s Cathedral, County Kilkenny

Known as Kilkenny’s Sacré-Coeur, St Canice’s Cathedral is a Gothic gem. Home to a 100-foot round tower, the cathedral also hosts the ghost of Dame Alice de Kyteler, tried for witchcraft 750 years ago. Raise a toast to her in nearby Kyteler’s Inn.

Altamont Gardens, County Carlow

The Robinsonian-styled Altamont Gardens of Carlow are a bubble of tranquility. Meander past the lake, around 40 acres of sculpted yews, roses and rhododendrons, to the ‘Ice Age Glen’ and a beautiful riverside walk.

<span id="rock-of-dunamase">Rock of Dunamase</span>
Rock of Dunamase

An imposing limestone outcrop capped with castle ruins, the Rock of Dunamase has evolved from Christian retreat to Viking target and Anglo-Norman stronghold. But it may be best known as a wedding present…

Legend insists that treasure is hidden here… guarded by the hellhound, a dog with enormous jaws and flaming mouth.


Part of a magnificent dowry, Norman lord Strongbow was gifted the castle when he married Aoife Rua, daughter of the King of Leinster, in 1172. Today, the breathtaking views remain almost unchanged from when Aoife first gazed over her domain one thousand years ago.

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Emo Court, County Laois

It’s hard to imagine a time when tranquil Emo Court was punctuated by the yells of the 1798 Rebellion and War of Independence. The earls are long gone but their legacy remains in this glorious estate.

Irish National Stud, County Kildare

Kildare’s Irish National Stud is horse racing royalty, producing winners for both King Edward VII and George VI. Pop into the Japanese Gardens or into the Museum to hear about the rather unusual horse-breeding strategies…

Lullymore Heritage Park, County Kildare

Monk Thomas Foran was the lone survivor when his monastic order was massacred over three centuries ago. Now a heritage park with millennia-spanning exhibits, the site was founded by St Patrick and his imprint remains.


Fact: Ireland’s Ancient East is defined by its past, all 5,000 years of it. But that doesn’t mean that this historic region doesn’t know how to have fun. Across the counties of Ireland’s Ancient East, countless festivals are celebrating art, opera, comedy, food, music and more.


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