Hallo Welt! Hallo Irland! Hello World! Hello Ireland!

We offer walking tours in Dutch, Flemish, German and English in Ireland focusing on, but not excluding, the Cork area. We also work for a number of national tour operators for guided tours and/or coach tours. We offer a range of different tours that can be customised to your needs and your time constraints and adapted to your wishes. We also offer day tours for groups wishing to visit Cork or the province of Munster. Our rates are competitive and we are committed to giving you the best deal possible. Feel free to send us a message and we will reply as soon as we can.

Wir bieten Stadt- und Rundführungen an in Niederländisch, Flämisch, Deutsch und Englisch in Irland. Wir arbeiten auch für nationalen Reiseveranstalter für Führungen und/oder Busreisen. Wir bieten eine Reihe von verschiedenen Touren und Führungen, die für Ihren Bedürfnissen und Ihrem Zeitdruck angepasst und auf Ihre Wünsche angepasst werden können. Wir bieten auch Tagestouren für Gruppen, die Cork oder die Provinz Munster besuchen möchten. Unsere Preise sind wettbewerbsfähig, und wir sind entschlossen, zu sorgen dass Sie das beste Angebot möglich bekommen. Schicken Sie uns eine Nachricht und wir werden so schnell wie möglich zu beantworten.

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National Day of Commemoration (Lá Cuimhneacháin Náisiúnta) held on the nearest Sunday to this date commemorating all Irish people who died in past wars or United Nations peacekeeping missions.

via National Day of Commemoration (Lá Cuimhneacháin Náisiúnta) held on the nearest Sunday to this date commemorating all Irish people who died in past wars or United Nations peacekeeping missions.

In Ireland, the National Day of Commemoration/Lá Cuimhneacháin Náisiúnta, commemorates all Irish people who died in past wars or United Nations peacekeeping missions. It occurs on the Sunday nearest 11 July, the anniversary of the date in 1921 that a truce was signed ending the Irish War of Independence. The principal ceremony is held at the Royal Hospital Kilmainham, Dublin.

The commemoration of Irish soldiers and wars has been fragmented within Ireland for historical and political reasons.

Ceremonies to honour Irish soldiers who fought in the First World War have been held in Ireland in November on Remembrance Sunday and Remembrance Day since the war’s end. These are mainly organised by the Royal British Legion and ex-servicemen and relatives. The focal points were St Patrick’s Cathedral and the Irish National War Memorial Gardens, both in Dublin. Though many Irish nationalists served in the British Army prior to independence, this was not generally held in high esteem by later generations. Independent Ireland remained neutral in World War II, and although thousands of its citizens served in the allied armies, the state did not at first mark this.

Commemoration of the Irish War of Independence was muted by the bitterness of the Irish Civil War that followed from it. The preceding 1916 Easter Rising against British rule in Ireland was the focus, with Easter Day considered the “National Day of Commemoration”. There was a major parade each Easter until 1971, when the Troubles in the north of Ireland made the commemoration of the earlier Irish Republican rebels more problematic in symbolism. Smaller official commemorations persisted at Arbour Hill Prison.

Within the Defence Forces, a Commemoration Day for deceased former members is held on All Souls’ Day, 2 November. 11 July, the anniversary of the 1921 truce, had already been a special Army holiday before being the base date for the National Day of Commemoration.

In 1974, the coalition government proposed Saint Patrick’s Day as a day for commemorating all Irish people who had given their lives in wars, marked with a message from the President, prayer and a moment of silence. The Fianna Fáil opposition objected. In the early 1980s, in response to the Northern Ireland Troubles, the Glencree Centre for Peace and Reconciliation in Co Wicklow was organising “Walks of Remembrance” around sites in Dublin significant to all historical combatants. In 1983, the Irish Defence Forces were represented in the British Legion’s Remembrance Sunday service in Saint Patrick’s Cathedral, Dublin, under the flag of the United Nations. This was controversial and the Fianna Fáil opposition suggested a separate day of commemoration would be more inclusive.

An informal Oireachtas all-party committee was established in late 1984 to examine the question of a single National Day of Commemoration. It held four meetings and reported to the government in October 1985. The view of this Committee was that there should be a religious service and a military ceremony. This has been the tradition since, although Noel Treacy complained that the military presence was “on a small-scale compared with that visualised by the all party committee”.

The first National Day of Commemoration was held on 13 July 1986 in the Garden of Remembrance. Old IRA veterans objected to the venue, which commemorates those who died in “the cause of Irish freedom”, being used to honour British Army veterans. The absence was noted of Leader of the Opposition, Charles Haughey, and Lord Mayor of Dublin, Bertie Ahern, both represented by subordinates. This was ascribed to discontent within Fianna Fáil about the event.

Haughey became Taoiseach after the February 1987 election. He announced the commemoration ceremony would be replaced by separate church services by the various denominations, with no military or government presence. The opposition parties objected, and both sides negotiated a compromise, whereby the ceremony, and the commemorative plaque which had been unveiled in 1986 by President Patrick Hillery, were moved to the Royal Hospital. This, originally a British Army hospital, is now the Irish Museum of Modern Art. However Irish Republicans and IRA veterans of the Irish War of Independence objected to the presence of the British Legion at the ceremony. Subsequent ceremonies have not proved controversial.

ABBEYFEALE HERITAGE TRAIL 2 – ‘The Liberator’ at Leahy’s Inn

DANIEL O’CONNELL
1775 – 1847
LOCATION – THE SQUARE, ABBEYFEALE

A Heritage Plaque identifies the Building formally known as Leahy’s Inn where Daniel O’Connell – “The Liberator” – along with other members of his family was registered numerous times in old Business Records between 1836 and 1842. These accounts relate predominately to the hiring of horses and Drivers for their Carriages on various journeys to and from Dublin and their home in Derrynane in Co Kerry. There are also several letters by Daniel O’Connell and members of his family which were written to the Leahy family in Abbeyfeale informing them several days in advance of their travel arrangements and any requirements they may need when they arrived.

Daniel was a well-known Barrister and later an even more powerful Politician. He is best known for his campaign for “Catholic Emancipation” – the right of Irish Catholics to sit in Parliament, his opposition to “Tithes” – the payments by everyone in Ireland to the English Church, and his campaign for the “Repeal of the Union” – Ireland to be able govern itself. He is also known for shooting dead John D’Esterre in a duel in 1815 after refusing to apologise for comments he made about Dublin Corporation. Daniel died in 1847 aged 71. His heart is buried in Rome and his Body buried in Glasnevin Co Dublin.

Research & Design Maurice O’Connell 2017

 

via ABBEYFEALE HERITAGE TRAIL 2 – ‘The Liberator’ at Leahy’s Inn

Abbeyfeale Heritage Trail 8 – Thomas Fitzgerald, 5th Earl of Desmond

THOMAS FITZGERALD – 5th Earl of Desmond
c.1386 – 1420
LOCATION – ABBEYFEALE

Thomas FitzGerald, 5th Earl of Desmond was forcibly dispossessed of all his lands and his Title in 1418, by his uncle James FitzGerald, after Thomas fell in love with and married Catherine MacCormac of Abbeyfeale, a daughter of one of Thomas’s dependents – William “The Monk of Feale” MacCormac. The marriage did not comply with the “Statutes of Kilkenny” – a series of laws which banned marriages between native English and native Irish, the fostering or adopting of Irish children by English, use of Irish names and dress by English, along with several other Acts which severely and forcibly restricted relationships between those of Norman descent and those of Gaelic descent.

Thomas and Catherine’s love for each other and subsequent marriage broke “every law in the book” and cost them their fortune. They were forced to flee to France where Thomas died two years later. He was so highly regarded that both the King of England and King of France attended his funeral in Paris.

The poet Thomas Moore wrote a love ballad entitled “Desmond’s Song” which began; By the Feal’s wave benighted, No star in the skies, To thy door by Love lighted, I first saw those eyes. Some voice whisper’d o’er me, As the threshold I cross’d, There was ruin before me, If I loved, I was lost.

Research & Design Maurice O’Connell 2017

via Abbeyfeale Heritage Trail 8 – Thomas Fitzgerald, 5th Earl of Desmond

St. Clement’s Well, Westminster, London, Middlesex

Close to the long-lost Strand Cross and long-lost Strand Maypole, in bygone centuries was also to be found a holy well of great repute, dedicated by early christians to the sea-faring St. Clement.  Its presence was recorded in the ‘Holywell Street’ name at far the eastern end of The Strand but, like its compatriot monuments, it too is long-lost…  Thankfully we have reasonably good accounts of its existence, although its precise whereabouts has been something of a matter of debate.

via St. Clement’s Well, Westminster, London, Middlesex

Abbeyfeale Heritage Trail 7 – Purt Castle

PURT CASTLE
c.1400s – c.1583
LOCATION – GREAT SOUTHERN GREENWAY, ABBEYFEALE

A Heritage Plaque identifies the site of Purt Castle on the Great Southern Greenway – a short walk from Abbeyfeale’s Old Railway Station. Originally known as “Caisleán Phort Trí Namhad” (Port Castle of The Three Enemies), and later as “Portrinard Castle”, today it is known simply as Purt Castle. It is estimated to have been built in the early-mid 1400’s by the powerful Earls of Desmond. Originally built as a round wooden fortress and later rebuilt as a stronger square stone fortress of which some of its ruins remain today.

On 16th March 1580, Sir William Pelham and his Army acting on behalf of The Queen camped at Purt Castle in their search for the Earl of Desmond. Unable to find him and locals not knowing where he was, Pelham and his Army destroyed both Purt Castle and the Old Abbey in Abbeyfeale.

Three years later and with 30,000 people dead throughout Munster, the last Earl of Desmond – Gerald FitzGerald – wrote to the Queen looking for a truce in the war. It was signed; Abbeyfeale, 15th April 1583, Garrot Desmond

The Queen did not acknowledge and Gerald was killed a few months later on 11th November 1583 between Ballymacelligott and Tralee in Co Kerry.

Research & Design Maurice O’Connell 2017

via Abbeyfeale Heritage Trail 7 – Purt Castle

Visit Abbeyfeale Heritage Trail – Cistercian Abbey

CISTERCIAN ABBEY (Original Site)
C.1188 – C.1580
LOCATION – THE SQUARE, ABBEYFEALE

A Heritage Plaque identifies the entrance to the site of the original Cistercian Abbey which was founded in 1188 by Donal O’Brien, King of Limerick, King of Thomond and King of Munster. A drawing showing the ruins of the Abbey was sketched in 1655 as part of the Down Survey and shows a multi-story Tower next to the Abbey which had direct line-of-sight to the Earl of Desmond owned Purt Castle further down the River Feale.

The Abbey along with other buildings were destroyed by Sir William Pelham and his Army in March 1580 as part of the Desmond Wars 1579-1583.

Stones from the ruined Abbey were later used to build a Thatched Chapel on the same site around mid-1700’s in which a famous meeting took place in 1840 to discuss the destitute plight of 600 men, women and children in the Parish. A small section of ruins from that Chapel still exists today.

The site of the original Abbey and subsequent Chapel is today part of one of the oldest Graveyards in the region, stretching back over 800 years to when the first Monks arrived.

Research & Design by Maurice O’Connell 2017

via Visit Abbeyfeale Heritage Trail – Cistercian Abbey